Facts about Diabetes

February 8, 2018

home health agency

What is non-insulin dependent diabetes?
Non-insulin dependent diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. With Type II diabetes, your body makes insulin but cannot use the insulin it makes, Insulin is necessary for proper metabolism of digested food. This leads to elevated blood sugars. Some people may need insulin injections or oral medications to lower their blood sugar.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes:
Type II symptoms can be easily overlooked. They may include: fatigue, very tired, increased appetite, skin infections, slow healing wounds, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, dry itchy skin and recurrent vaginitis.

High Blood Sugar Low Blood sugar
  • Frequent urination
  • Excessive thirst
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Fatigue
  • Dizziness
  • Dry, flushed skin
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Tremors
  • Pale, moist skin
  • Hunger
  • Impaired vision

For blood sugar greater than 300 or less than 60 notify physician unless otherwise specified.

For low blood sugar, eat some form of glucose or carbohydrate and notify physician if symptoms persist.

Management of Diabetes

  • Follow prescribed/sensible diet
  • Monitor blood sugars
  • Maintain ideal weight
  • Exercise regularly per doctors order
  • Treat infections promptly
  • Avoid nicotine
  • Carry source of sugar at all times

TEACH-How can we help?

  • Teach patient/caregiver about hypoglycemic agent, including action and dosage.
  • Teach patient/caregiver signs & symptoms of hypo, hyperglycemia and report to physician.
  • Teach patient/caregiver about disease process of Diabetes
  • Teach patient/caregiver to manage illness

Moorings Park Home health is here to help patients achieve and maintain their maximum level of independence and wellbeing. By providing the appropriate education and skilled services, patients are able to safely remain in their homes once home health is no longer required.

Home care is appropriate for:

  • Recent hospitalization
  • Diagnosis or recent onset of disease
  • Recent initiation of insulin therapy or oral therapy
  • Recent initiation of glucose monitoring device
  • Diabetic requiring adjusted dietary management
  • Manifestations of symptomatology indicative of complications: polyuria, weight loss, drowsiness, visual disturbance, skin infections, pruritus, UTI.
  • Diabetic requiring medication adjustments.
  • Significant glycosuria.
  • Recent hospitalization
  • Frequent trips to the emergency room (three or more per six months), indicates a need for skilled nursing to educate the patient about disease process and management.
  • Labs HgbA,C
  • Wound Care

What can home health care do to assist patients with Diabetes:

  • Observation and assessment
  • Weight monitoring
  • Management and evaluation
  • Safety education
  • Energy conservation
  • Compensatory techniques
  • Medication education
  • Assistance with ADL’s
  • Fluid intake education
  • Transfer techniques
  • Diuretic therapy
  • Ambulation techniques
  • Electrolyte replacement
  • Physical therapy
  • Disease process education
  • Occupational therapy
  • Cardiac assessment
  • Speech therapy